In terms of design, Formula 1 evolves to become equally appealing to racing enthusiasts while it attracts new fans. The cars are instantly recognisable as F1 single-seaters, with their long, slender nose, side pods and four open wheels. Their design is both finely-honed and more aggressive. In addition to the roles they play in optimising performance and energy efficiency, the combination of mobile aerodynamic features and active lighting systems make the cars more 'communicative' for spectators and television viewers. In the case of the R.S. 2027 Vision, bold features like the C-shaped LED front lights and the illuminated Renault diamond on the engine cover provide a visual tie between the racing car and Renault's road-going models.
2027: higher-performance cars for more entertaining racing To put the human factor back on centre stage, Renault's vision for Formula 1 in 2027 also covers the technical side. In addition to delivering higher performance, cars have taken advantage of the new electrification technologies to become even more efficient. Consequently, they contribute to making Formula 1 a continued test ground for passenger vehicles while helping the race industry follow a responsible approach to costs. Maintaining its role as a platform for Renault's advanced technology, Formula 1 in 2027 drives innovation efforts towards higher engine and aerodynamic efficiency.
The total amount of power is 1 megawatt and the weight limited to 600 kilos. The level of power generated by the Kinetic Energy Recovery System is now fixed at 500kW (compared with 120kW in 2017) courtesy of two ERS-K units, one at the front and one at the rear. This four-wheel drive configuration delivers unprecedented traction for a single-seater racing car. The car's very high-energy density batteries, two times the current F1 batteries -a field of intensive research for Renault's electric vehicles - are connected to an ultra-high-performance dual-energy recovery system. Thanks to two 250kW electric motors (one at the front, one at the rear), the bulk of the energy otherwise wasted under braking can be recovered and stored for later use during the same lap. To minimise energy waste due to drag at high speeds without detracting from slow-speed stability, the car's aerodynamics are now active. Their efficiency is further enhanced by active suspension that optimises handling under the exclusive control of the driver. In addition to facilitating pit-lane manoeuvres, four-wheel steering makes the cars agile and responsive. Many of these innovations enrich Renault's technology know-how, some of which are already available in its current range of passenger vehicles, for example, Renault's MULTI-SENSE system with active damping and the high-energy density batteries of Renault ZOE Z.E. 40.
Technology evolutions and performance objectives, while maintaining an energy efficiency goal, reach the balance between power output from the engine and power output from electric motors. F1 hybrid power plants based on a V6 combustion engine incorporating downsizing technologies such as turbocharging and multipoint fuel injection, a configuration that maximises power output while curbing fuel consumption and volume. The capacity of the fuel tank is just 60kg (compared with 105kg in F1 today), which is the quantity necessary for the shorter, more exciting race formats. Renault's vision of Formula 1 in 2027 also advocates for a responsible approach to costs. By capping expenditures, the discipline can attract more manufacturers and teams for a long-term commitment. To achieve this, F1 benefits from standard elements, thereby reducing the economic pressure on the teams: all non-performance-differentiating components are provided by a single supplier selected by the FIA.